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Category: War Peace

Lessons for Social Change in the Global Economy: Voices from by Shae Garwood,Sky Croeser,Christalla Yakinthou,Sarah

By Shae Garwood,Sky Croeser,Christalla Yakinthou,Sarah Adler-Milstein,Caroline Baillie,Mark Barenberg,Kristina Areskog Bjurling,Jessica Champagne,Bharati Chaturvedi,Ralph Early,Eric Feinblatt,Theresa Haas,Michael Heasman,Claire Litton-Cohn,Sanjiv Pandita,Fah

Discussion questions built by way of the authors are available here.

In the face of globalization’s giant social and fiscal ameliorations and the ensuing continual inequality, activists, exertions organizers, and advocacy NGOs are searching for and developing switch past the confines of formal nation politics and throughout nationwide borders. Given the breadth of neighborhood concerns activists face, the methods they outline the matter and search redress range commonly. This publication presents a distinct viewpoint on those efforts, collecting into one quantity concrete examples of the implementation of other innovations for social swap that spotlight the demanding situations concerned. this gives precious classes for these serious about social swap, in addition to for these learning it. members to the amount are students and practitioners all over the world, they usually draw on robust connections with humans operating within the box to enhance operating stipulations and environmental criteria of worldwide construction platforms. this permits readers to improve a extra finished and level-headed knowing of innovations for social change.

This publication continues a powerful stability among breadth and specificity. It presents an summary of the topics of social swap, which contextualizes and attracts universal threads from the chapters grounded in particular geographic destinations and political areas of swap. The chapters learn environmental and social difficulties and the various levels of good fortune activists have had in regulating industries, containing environmental dangers, and/or harnessing features of an for confident social and monetary switch. members draw upon other ways of constructing switch, which come with company social accountability schemes, reasonable alternate regimes, and neighborhood radio. via delivering perception into the aptitude and obstacles of activities taken at assorted degrees, the publication encourages a severe point of view on efforts for social switch, grounded in an figuring out of ways stipulations around the globe can have an effect on those actions.

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Deconstructing the "Democratic Peace": How a Research Agenda by Michael Haas

By Michael Haas

approximately twenty years in the past, students of foreign stories inspiration that eventually a rare examine discovering might carry students jointly in a standard pursuit for researcher that might lighten a pathway towards a calm international: If just a global of democracies might be proven, diplomacy will be in line with international relations, no longer war.

But they deserted simple ideas of clinical and systematic study through failing to outline what they intended via “democracy,” and subsequent sought a serious variable explaining why democracies have been pre-sumably so peaceable towards each other, blind to paradigmatic probabilities. They missed deviant situations and normative implications. Then got here the Iraq conflict of 2003, whilst “democratic peace” learn was once used as a justification for illegal aggression.

The current booklet records many error devoted via 1000s of students who by no means wondered the elemental study layout and refused to hear reasoned objections as they stuffed pages of scholarly journals with reviews of experiences that experience complicated wisdom approximately international affairs yet didn't identify a “democratic peace.”

Chapter 1 (Evaluating a examine time table) identifies claims that the “democratic peace” is con-sidered a systematic legislation through proponents yet pseudo-scientific through others, who regard the word as social constructionist ideology.

Chapter 2 (The major Empirical “Findings”) contrasts the monadic” view that democracies are extra peaceable than all different kinds of presidency with the dyadic replacement that democracies are extra peaceable in facing different democracies, even though they might struggle nondemocracies.

Chapter three (Problems of study layout) proves that the time period “democracy” has no longer been continuously outlined, without realization to the range of sorts of democracies. Researchers have simply assigned a bunch to every kingdom, usually simply zero or 1. one other uncomplicated flaw is the biased samples of nations, conflicts, and years, ignoring covert clash. And inferences are made approximately judgements through international leaders with no mentioning attitudinal facts. Deviant circumstances are ignored.

Chapter four (Inference difficulties) argues that the findings are a ways too simplistic. a few students have argued that the causal arrow is the opposite. Others have famous that if there's an intervening variable among democracy and peace, then the correlation is 0.

Chapter five (Faulty Theoretical causes) describes inductive hypothesis approximately elements of “democracy,” regarding institutional constraints and cultural values; yet, if this is the case, the result's autocorrelation. different intervening variables were sought, reminiscent of fiscal elements, the constitution of global strength, household unrest, or character features of leaders. yet experiences in aid are refuted. “Democratic peace” adherents have neglected not less than 14 paradigms of overseas relations.

Chapter 6 (Normative difficulties) exposes how the “democratic peace” has been pointed out as justification for battle. additional, their complacency approximately democracy as a well-liked type of executive blinded researchers to deficiencies that desire correction in international locations that profess to be democratic. however the major query is why study at the “democratic peace” is pursued within the first position. With such a lot of global difficulties, the “democratic peace” is a space of analysis missing coverage relevance.

Chapter 7 (Conclusion) seeks to salvage first-class scholarship from the Humpty Dumpty state of affairs during which the examine time table has fallen irreparably, suggesting a go back to paradigmatic and policy-oriented learn .

Appendix (Deviant Cases): A tabulation of greater than three hundred situations the place democracies have been in clash with democracies. these favoring the “democratic peace” dogma have attempted to give an explanation for away a few anomalies yet now not all. Their “explanations” are indexed, yet they're so flimsy as to be laughable.

The bibliography has virtually 1,000 citations, approximately all within the box of study.

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Between War and Politics: International Relations and the by Patricia Owens

By Patricia Owens

Between warfare and Politics is the 1st publication size learn of warfare within the considered one of many twentieth-century's most vital and unique political thinkers. Hannah Arendt's writing was once essentially rooted in her realizing of conflict and its political value. yet this component to her paintings has strangely been overlooked in overseas and political conception.

This e-book fills a major hole through assessing the complete variety of Arendt's ancient and conceptual writing on struggle and introduces to overseas idea the certain language she used to discuss conflict and the political global. It builds on her re-thinking of previous options akin to strength, violence, greatness, global, imperialism, evil, hypocrisy and humanity and introduces a few which are new to foreign notion like plurality, motion, agonism, natality and political immortality. the problems that Arendt handled all through her lifestyles and paintings proceed to form the political international and her method of political pondering continues to be a resource of concept for these looking for counsel no longer in what to imagine yet easy methods to take into consideration politics and struggle. Re-reading Arendt's writing, solid via firsthand event of profession and struggles for liberation, political founding and resistance in time of conflict, unearths a extra critical engagement with struggle than her previous readers have famous. Arendt's political conception makes extra experience while it really is understood within the context of her brooding about conflict and we will be able to take into consideration the heritage and conception of struggle, and overseas politics, in new methods by way of considering with Arendt.

This ebook is a undertaking of the Oxford Leverhulme Programme at the altering personality of War.

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Music and Coexistence: A Journey across the World in Search by Osseily Hanna

By Osseily Hanna

Music and Coexistence:A trip the world over looking for Musicians creating a distinction is either examine and travelogue, as writer Osseily Hanna explores the brave paintings of musicians who compose and practice with their ostensible enemies or in amazing social occasions. He records the political and monetary constraints confronted by way of musicians, from the wall that encloses a refugee camp in Jerusalem, to the tensions between KFOR and Carabinieri peacekeepers who hold Serbs and Kosovar Albanians aside, to the cultural and linguistic suppression that afflicts minority groups in Turkey.

A multilingual musician, Hanna examines the lives of the members and teams on the vanguard of the hassle to bridge ethnic, cultural, and spiritual divisions. that includes musicians from 13 diversified nations and territories throughout 5 continents, Hanna’s tale incorporates a amazing cadre of performers, comparable to the musicians who include Heartbeat, a gaggle of Israeli and Palestinian early life, who compose, list, and practice song jointly; the Albino musicians of Tanzania, who on a regular basis wrestle persecution by means of neighborhood shamans; the multiracial and thriving samba musicians in Sao Paolo; and a former baby soldier from Cambodia who seeks to restore conventional tune following the genocide within the Seventies. With photographs taken by means of the writer in the course of his travels, this paintings is a different contribution for these drawn to global track and peace reviews. This precise and noteworthy paintings will open the eyes and the hearts of each musician and song lover who acknowledges song as a common language.

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Terrorism in Ireland (RLE: Terrorism & Insurgency): Volume by Yonah Alexander,Alan O'Day

By Yonah Alexander,Alan O'Day

When initially released in 1984, this publication used to be the 1st exact research of terrorism in eire. It assesses the placement in eire after a decade or extra of violence within the North and assessments a few of the assumptions in regards to the nature of terrorism and discusses the matter in a geo-political context. The authors mirror numerous disciplines and political outlooks and no unmarried line of argument is obtainable. They research how the difficulty of terrorism has been handled by way of a variety of governments, the church, the media and members. The e-book unearths the complexity of the terrorist challenge and dispels a number of the myths that experience grown up round Irish terrorism.

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Institutional Reforms and Peacebuilding: Change, by Nadine Ansorg,Sabine Kurtenbach

By Nadine Ansorg,Sabine Kurtenbach

This publication offers with the query how institutional reform can give a contribution to peacebuilding in post-war and divided societies.

In the context of armed clash and frequent violence, very important questions form political agendas in and out the affected societies: How do we cease the violence? and the way do we hinder its recurrence? accomplished negotiated conflict terminations and peace accords suggest a collection of mechanisms to convey an finish to struggle and determine peace, together with institutional reforms that advertise democratization and nation construction. even though the function of associations is widely known, their particular results are hugely contested in learn in addition to in perform. This ebook highlights the need to comprise path-dependency, pre-conflict associations and societal divisions to appreciate the styles of institutional swap in post-war societies and the continuing probability of civil conflict recurrence. It makes a speciality of the overall query of ways institutional reform contributes to the institution of peace in post-war societies. This booklet contains 3 separate yet interrelated elements at the relation among associations and societal divisions, on institutional reform and on defense region reform. The chapters give a contribution to the knowledge of the connection among societal cleavages, pre-conflict associations, direction dependency, and institutional reform.

This ebook might be of a lot curiosity to scholars of peacebuilding, clash answer, improvement stories, safety experiences and IR.

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Handbook of Peace and Conflict Studies (Weber in by Charles Webel,Johan Galtung

By Charles Webel,Johan Galtung

This significant new Handbook provides a state of the art and transdisciplinary review of the most matters, debates, state of the art tools, and key innovations in peace and clash experiences this day.

The fields of peace and clash stories have grown exponentially on account that being initiated by means of Professor Johan Galtung part a century in the past. they've got cast a transdisciplinary id targeted from defense reports, political technological know-how, and diplomacy.

The quantity is split into 4 sections:

  • understanding and remodeling conflict
  • creating peace
  • supporting peace
  • peace around the disciplines.

Each part positive factors new essays by means of special overseas students and pros operating in peace reports and clash answer and transformation. Drawing from quite a lot of theoretical, methodological, and political positions, the editors and members provide topical and enduring techniques to peace and clash experiences.

The Handbook of Peace and clash Studies could be crucial analyzing for college kids of peace experiences, clash experiences and clash answer. it is going to even be of curiosity and use to practitioners in clash solution and NGOs, in addition to coverage makers and diplomats.

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Beyond Liberal Peacebuilding: A Critical Exploration of the by Elisa Randazzo

By Elisa Randazzo

This publication examines the good judgment at the back of the shifts and paradigm alterations in the scholarship on peacebuilding.

In specific, the e-book is anxious with reading if, and the way, those shifts have considerably altered how we predict approximately peacebuilding past the ‘liberal peacebuilding’ paradigm. to take action, the ebook engages with the common sense of critique that has resulted in the emergence of other theoretical techniques to peacebuilding, from hands-on institutionalisation, to the ‘local turn’. It makes use of the case of Kosovo to appreciate how a lessons-learnt method facilitated the shift in the direction of extra invasive and intrusive different types of peacebuilding first. despite the fact that, it is additionally the most important to figuring out the hot neighborhood flip, because the upward push of neighborhood possession discourses in Kosovo is essentially tied to the opinions of in depth overseas missions, and the linked resistance and marginalisation of neighborhood employer. The ebook examines the consequences of the framing of ‘everyday’ corporation on the way to examine the level to which those bottom-up techniques were in a position to by-pass the issues attributed to the liberal peace process. It argues that regardless of its serious and radical intentions, the neighborhood flip keeps definite foundational modernist and positivist traits that experience up to now characterized the very mainstream ways those opinions declare to transcend.

This publication should be of a lot curiosity to scholars of peacebuilding, statebuilding, peace and clash stories, safeguard reports and diplomacy in general. 

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The Division of Heaven and Earth: On Tibet's Peaceful by Shokdung,Matthew Akester

By Shokdung,Matthew Akester

it is a translation of 1 of the main influential and significant books from Tibet within the glossy period, a passionate indictment of chinese language regulations and an eloquent research of protests that swept Tibet from March, 2008 - the 'Earth Rat' 12 months based on the Tibetan calendar - as a re-awakening of Tibetan nationwide realization and solidarity.
The department of Heaven and Earth used to be banned by means of the chinese language executive on booklet, and ended in Shokdung being "disappeared" and imprisoned for almost six months. This English translation is being made to be had for the 1st time because copies started to move underground in Tibet.
The writer, Tagyal -- who makes use of the pen identify Shokdung, that means "morning conch"-- one in every of Tibet's major intellectuals, wrote his publication based on an unparalleled wave of daring demonstrations and expressions of Tibetan unity and nationwide identity.
In his foreword Matthew Akester, a Tibet professional who translated this booklet into English, deals an account of the importance of those advancements, which reworked the political panorama around the plateau and resulted in a sustained and violent crackdown through the chinese language experts that keeps to this day.
Shokdung's ebook is thought of as the main bold and wide-ranging critique of China's regulations in Tibet because the tenth Panchen

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Warlord Democrats in Africa: Ex-Military Leaders and by Anders Themnér

By Anders Themnér

Post-war democratization has been pointed out as a vital mechanism to construct peace in war-ridden societies, supposedly permitting belligerents to compete via ballots instead of bullets. A byproduct of this technique, despite the fact that, is that army leaders usually develop into a vital part of the hot democratic process, utilizing assets and networks generated from the former struggle to dominate the rising political landscape.

The the most important and thus-far neglected query to be addressed, hence, is what influence the inclusion of ex-militaries into electoral politics has on post-war safeguard. Can 'warlord democrats' make a favorable contribution by means of shepherding their wartime constituencies to help the construction of peace and democracy, or are they more likely to use their electoral structures to sponsor political violence and maintain war-affected groups mobilized via competitive discourses?

This very important quantity, containing a wealth of clean empirical aspect and theoretical perception, and focussing on a few of Africa's so much high-profile political figures – from Paul Kagame to Riek Machar to Afonso Dhlakama – represents a vital intervention within the literature of post-war democratization.

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