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Category: Nuclear Physics

Teilchenphysik und Kosmologie: Eine Einführung in Grundlagen by Michael Treichel

By Michael Treichel

Als einführendes Lehrbuch in die Teilchenastrophysik konzipiert wendet sich dieses Werk an Studenten der Physik und Astronomie ab dem Vordiplom. Kurz und prägnant werden die Grundlagen der Relativitätstheorie und der Quantenmechanik vorgestellt, bevor das Standardmodell der Teilchenphysik erläutert und die Zusammenhänge mit den heutigen Fragen aus Astrophysik und Kosmologie hergestellt werden. Mathematisch elementarer als die meisten Einführungen in die Teilchenphysik eignet sich dieses Buch sowohl begleitend zu einer Kursvorlesung als auch zum Selbststudium. Besonderer Wert wird auf pädagogische Aspekte gelegt: im Vordergrund stehen Anschaulichkeit, eine am tatsächlichen Denkprozess orientierte Darstellung und die Ausgewogenheit zwischen theoretischen, experimentellen und interpretatorischen Aspekten der modernen Astroteilchenphysik.

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The Experimental Foundations of Particle Physics by Robert N. Cahn,Gerson Goldhaber

By Robert N. Cahn,Gerson Goldhaber

Our present realizing of ordinary debris and their interactions emerged from break-through experiments. This booklet offers those experiments, starting with the discoveries of the neutron and positron, and following them via mesons, unusual debris, antiparticles, and quarks and gluons. This moment version comprises new chapters at the W and Z bosons, the head quark, B-meson blending and CP violation, and neutrino oscillations. This booklet offers an perception into particle physics for researchers, complicated undergraduate and graduate scholars. during the publication, the basic equations required to appreciate the experiments are derived sincerely and easily. every one bankruptcy is observed through reprinted articles and a suite of issues of a wide diversity of difficulty.

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Advances in Nuclear Physics: Volume 26 by J.W. Negele,Erich W. Vogt

By J.W. Negele,Erich W. Vogt

The 4 articles of the current quantity handle very varied issues in nuclear physics and, certainly, surround experiments at very other kinds of exp- imental amenities. the diversity of curiosity of the articles extends from the character of the substructure of the nucleon and the deuteron to the final homes of the nucleus, together with its part transitions and its wealthy and unforeseen quantal houses. the 1st article by means of Fillipone and Ji experiences the current experimental and theoretical scenario concerning our wisdom of the foundation of the spin of the nucleon. until eventually approximately twenty years in the past the half-integral spin of the neutron and p- ton was once considered as their intrinsic estate as Dirac debris which have been the fundamental construction blocks of atomic nuclei. Then, with the arrival of the traditional version and of quarks because the uncomplicated development blocks, the substructure of the - cleon turned the topic of extreme curiosity. preliminary nonrelativistic quark m- els assigned the beginning of nucleon spin to the elemental half-integral spin of its 3 constituent quarks, leaving no room for contributions to the spin from the gluons linked to the interacting quarks or from the orbital angular momentum of both gluons or quarks. That naive knowing used to be shaken, approximately fifteen years in the past, by means of experiments concerning deep-inelastic scattering of electrons or muons from nucleons.

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An Introduction to Gauge Theories and Modern Particle by Elliot Leader,Enrico Predazzi

By Elliot Leader,Enrico Predazzi

This paintings offers, in volumes, a accomplished and unified therapy of recent theoretical and experimental particle physics at a degree available to starting examine scholars. The emphasis all through is on featuring underlying actual rules in an easy and intuitive manner, and the extra subtle equipment demanded via trendy learn pursuits are brought in a truly sluggish and delicate model. quantity 1 covers electroweak interactions, the invention and homes of the 'new' debris, the invention of partons and the development and predictions of the easy parton version. quantity 2 bargains at a few size with CP-violation, yet is especially dedicated to QCD and its program to 'hard' approaches. a short assurance of 'soft' hadronic physics is incorporated. This paintings will offer a finished reference and textbook for all graduate scholars and researchers drawn to sleek particle physics.

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Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics by Stefan P. Hau-Riege

By Stefan P. Hau-Riege

offering a fantastic theoretical historical past in photon-matter interplay, Nonrelativistic Quantum X-Ray Physics allows readers to appreciate experiments played at XFEL-facilities and x-ray synchrotrons. for this reason, after studying this ebook, scientists and scholars could be in a position to define and practice calculations of a few vital x-ray-matter interplay procedures. Key positive factors of the contents are that the scope reaches past the dipole approximation while helpful and that it contains short-pulse interactions. to assist the reader during this transition, a few proper examples are mentioned intimately, whereas non-relativistic quantum electrodynamics aid readers to acquire an in-depth figuring out of the formalisms and strategies.
The textual content presupposes a uncomplicated (undergraduate-level) knowing of mechanics, electrodynamics, and quantum mechanics. despite the fact that, extra really good suggestions in those fields are brought and the reader is directed to acceptable references. whereas essentially reaping rewards clients of x-ray light-sources, the cloth is both of relevance to researchers in quite a few disciplines, resembling existence sciences, biology, fabrics technological know-how, physics, and chemistry that plan on utilizing those new amenities of their respective fields.

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An Advanced Course in Computational Nuclear Physics: by Morten Hjorth-Jensen,Maria Paola Lombardo,Ubirajara van

By Morten Hjorth-Jensen,Maria Paola Lombardo,Ubirajara van Kolck

This graduate-level textual content collects and synthesizes a chain of ten lectures at the nuclear quantum many-body challenge. ranging from our present knowing of the underlying forces, it offers fresh advances in the box of lattice quantum chromodynamics earlier than happening to debate potent box theories, principal many-body tools like Monte Carlo tools, coupled cluster theories, the similarity renormalization workforce procedure, Green’s functionality equipment and large-scale diagonalization approaches.

Algorithmic and computational advances express specific promise for breakthroughs in predictive strength, together with right errors estimates, a greater figuring out of the underlying potent levels of freedom and of the respective forces at play. Enabled through fresh advancements in theoretical, experimental and numerical strategies, the state-of-the paintings purposes thought of during this quantity span the full diversity, from our smallest parts – quarks and gluons because the mediators of the powerful strength – to the computation of the equation of country for neutron big name matter.

The lectures provided supply an in-depth exposition of the underlying theoretical and algorithmic ways in addition info of the numerical implementation of the equipment mentioned. a number of additionally contain hyperlinks to numerical software program and benchmark calculations, which readers can use to improve their very own courses for tackling hard nuclear many-body problems.

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Aspects of Symmetry: Selected Erice Lectures by Sidney Coleman

By Sidney Coleman

for nearly 20 years, Sidney Coleman has been giving overview lectures on frontier issues in theoretical high-energy physics on the foreign college of Subnuclear Physics held every year at Erice, Sicily. This quantity is a suite of a few of the easiest of those lectures. To today they've got few competitors for readability of exposition and intensity of perception. even supposing extremely popular whilst first released, a number of the lectures were tough to acquire lately. Graduate scholars and pros in high-energy physics will welcome this assortment through a grasp of the field.

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Advances in Space Environment Research - Volume I: 1 by I.H. Cairns,A.C.-L. Chian,S.B. Gabriel,J.P. Goedbloed,T.

By I.H. Cairns,A.C.-L. Chian,S.B. Gabriel,J.P. Goedbloed,T. Hada,M. Leubner,L. Nocera,R. Stening,F. Toffoletto,C. Uberoi,J.A. Valdivia,U. Villante,C.-C. Wu,Y. Yan

Advances in house setting examine - quantity I includes the court cases of 2 foreign workshops, the realm house surroundings discussion board (WSEF2002) and the excessive functionality Computing in area atmosphere study (HPC2002), equipped by means of the realm Institute for house setting learn (WISER) from 22 July to two August 2002 in Adelaide, Australia.
The articles during this quantity evaluate the state of the art of the theoretical, computational and observational experiences of the actual methods of Sun-Earth connections and area atmosphere. They disguise six topical parts: Sun/Heliosphere, Magnetosphere/Bow surprise, Ionosphere/Atmosphere, area Weather/Space weather, area Plasma Physics/Astrophysics, and Complex/Intelligent platforms.

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Extreme Explosions: Supernovae, Hypernovae, Magnetars, and by David S. Stevenson

By David S. Stevenson

What occurs on the finish of the lifetime of monstrous stars? At one time we concept these types of stars related evolutionary paths. notwithstanding, new discoveries have proven that issues aren't relatively that simple.

 

This ebook makes a speciality of the extraordinary –the so much severe, excellent and weird– of astronomical explosions. It gains hugely major observational unearths that push the frontiers of astronomy and astrophysics, relatively as earlier than those items have been purely envisioned in concept.

 

This booklet is should you wish the most recent details and ideas concerning the such a lot dramatic and strange explosions detected through present supernova searches. It examines and explains cataclysmic and weird occasions in stellar astrophysics and provides them in a non-mathematical yet hugely specific method that non-professionals can comprehend and enjoy.

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First Search for the EMC Effect and Nuclear Shadowing in by Joel Allen Mousseau

By Joel Allen Mousseau

This thesis info major advancements within the figuring out of the nuclear EMC impact and nuclear shadowing in neutrino physics, and makes sizeable comparisons with electron scattering physics. in particular, it contains the first systematic learn of the EMC ratios of carbon, iron and bring about plastic scintillator of neutrinos. The research offered presents the easiest proof thus far that the EMC impression is the same among electrons and neutrinos in the sensitivity of the information. Nuclear shadowing is measured systematically for the 1st time with neutrinos. by contrast with the knowledge at the EMC impact, the information on nuclear shadowing help the belief that nuclear shadowing might be more advantageous for neutrinos than it's for electrons. This end issues to attention-grabbing new nuclear physics.

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