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Category: Judaism

Sexuality in the Babylonian Talmud: Christian and Sasanian by Yishai Kiel

By Yishai Kiel

inside this shut textual research of the Babylonian Talmud, Yishai Kiel explores rabbinic discussions of intercourse in mild of cultural assumptions and inclinations that pervaded the cultures of overdue antiquity and especially the Iranian international. by means of negotiating the Iranian context of the rabbinic dialogue along the Christian backdrop, this groundbreaking quantity provides a balanced and nuanced portrayal of the rabbinic discourse on sexuality and situates rabbinic discussions of intercourse extra generally on the crossroads of overdue vintage cultures. The examine is split into thematic sections: the 1st facilities at the broader points of rabbinic discourse on sexuality whereas the second one hones in on rabbinic discussions of sexual prohibitions and the type of permissible and prohibited partnerships, with specific awareness to rabbinic discussions of incest. crucial studying for students and graduate scholars of Judaic stories, early Christianity, and Iranian reviews, in addition to these attracted to non secular reviews and comparative religion.

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Jewish Babylonia between Persia and Roman Palestine: by Richard Kalmin

By Richard Kalmin

The Babylonian Talmud was once compiled within the 3rd via 6th centuries CE, via rabbis residing below Sasanian Persian rule within the region among the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. what sort of society did those rabbis inhabit? What impression did that society have on very important rabbinic texts?
In this publication Richard Kalmin bargains an intensive reexamination of rabbinic tradition of past due vintage Babylonia. He exhibits how this tradition used to be formed partly by means of Persia at the one hand, and through Roman Palestine at the different. The mid fourth century CE in Jewish Babylonia was once a interval of relatively severe "Palestinianization," while that the Mesopotamian and east Persian Christian groups have been present process a interval of severe "Syrianization." Kalmin argues that those heavily similar tactics have been speeded up via third-century Persian conquests deep into Roman territory, which led to the resettlement of hundreds of thousands of Christian and Jewish population of the jap Roman provinces in Persian Mesopotamia, japanese Syria, and western Persia, profoundly changing the cultural panorama for hundreds of years to come.
Kalmin additionally deals new interpretations of numerous interesting rabbinic texts of overdue antiquity. He indicates how they've got usually been misunderstood through historians who lack attentiveness to the position of nameless editors in glossing or emending previous texts and who insist on attributing those texts to 6th century editors instead of to storytellers and editors of previous centuries who brought alterations into the texts they discovered and transmitted. He additionally demonstrates how Babylonian rabbis interacted with the non-rabbinic Jewish international, frequently within the kind of the incorporation of centuries-old non-rabbinic Jewish texts into the constructing Talmud, instead of through the come upon with genuine non-rabbinic Jews within the streets and marketplaces of Babylonia. almost all these texts have been "domesticated" ahead of their inclusion within the Babylonian Talmud, which was once regularly entire via the rabbinization of the non-rabbinic texts. Rabbis reworked a story's protagonists into rabbis instead of kings or clergymen, or portrayed them learning Torah instead of carrying out different actions, considering the fact that Torah examine was once considered via them because the most vital, probably the one vital, human activity.
Kalmin's arguments shed new mild on rabbinic Judaism in past due vintage society. This booklet may be useful to any pupil or pupil of this period.

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Lebensform und Lebensnorm im Antiken Judentum: by Günter Mayer,Michael Tilly,Daniel Schumann

By Günter Mayer,Michael Tilly,Daniel Schumann

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Der Band versammelt 17 Beiträge des bereits verstorbenen Judaisten Günter Mayer (1936-2004) und des Tübinger Neutestamentlers Michael Tilly, seines langjährigen Mitarbeiters. Das breite Spektrum an Themen aus dem Bereich des hellenistischen und rabbinischen Judentums umfasst u.a. Arbeiten zur Geschichte der Bibel, zur Sozialisation und Erziehung des Kindes, zum antiken Funeralwesen und zur Rezeptionsgeschichte biblischer Prophetentexte.

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Divine Scapegoats: Demonic Mimesis in Early Jewish Mysticism by Andrei A. Orlov

By Andrei A. Orlov

Explores the paradoxical symmetry among the divine and demonic in early Jewish mystical texts.

Divine Scapegoats is a wide-ranging exploration of the parallels among the heavenly and the demonic in early Jewish apocalyptical debts. In those fabrics, antagonists frequently reflect gains of angelic figures, or even these of the Deity himself, an inverse correspondence that suggests a trust that the demonic realm is maintained by way of imitating divine fact. Andrei A. Orlov examines the sacerdotal, messianic, and creational features of this mimetic imagery, focusing totally on texts from the Slavonic pseudepigrapha: 2 Enoch and the Apocalypse of Abraham. those works are a part of a truly detailed cluster of Jewish apocalyptic texts that show good points not just of the apocalyptic worldview but additionally of the symbolic universe of early Jewish mysticism. The Yom Kippur ritual within the Apocalypse of Abraham, the divine mild and darkness of 2 Enoch, and the similarity of mimetic motifs to later advancements within the Zohar are of specific value in Orlov’s consideration.

Andrei A. Orlov is Professor of Judaism and Christianity in Antiquity at Marquette collage. he's the writer of a number of books, together with Dark Mirrors: Azazel and Satanael in Early Jewish Demonology, additionally released via SUNY Press.

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Mystery of Being by Moshe Trop

By Moshe Trop

in the summertime of 1983 Moshe Trope headed a technology convention – the 1st of its sort in Israel – which addressed the topic of "the resource of lifestyles and its evolution". The convention used to be held on the Truman Institute within the Hebrew college and was once attended by means of teachers from all around the world.
Questions approximately evolution have been raised and ideas have been consolidated or rendered fake. As might be anticipated the viewers used to be encouraged to revisit commonplace ideals. reaction from the media and politicians was once energetic: "How dare we query the method of evolution?" Even colleagues from the college of typical Sciences criticized Trop's principles – brushing aside "freedom of educational research".
Even this present day we will be able to witness the rejection of latest theories concerning the "sacred" traditions of inspiration which represent the sphere of Science.
This e-book serves as a accomplished solution, based at the Torah's layout, vis a vis the atheistic trust systems.
Professor Moshe Trop, now retired, with a PhD from Hebrew collage in Jerusalem (1970) in biochemistry, was once a researcher at Rockefeller collage in ny, Ben Gurion collage and Tel Chai collage in Israel. He wrote medical books in regards to the beginning of lifestyles, in addition to e-book chapters and over 100 articles released in medical journals.

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From Jerusalem Priest to Roman Jew: On Josephus and the by Michael Tuval

By Michael Tuval

during this learn, Michael Tuval examines the faith of Flavius Josephus diachronically. the writer means that simply because Diaspora Jews couldn't take part on a regular basis within the cultic lifetime of the Jerusalem Temple, they constructed different paradigms of Judaic religiosity. He translates Josephus as a Jew who started his profession as a Judean priest yet moved to Rome and progressively turned a Diaspora highbrow. Josephus' first paintings, Judean War , displays a Judean priestly view of Judaism, with the Temple and cult on the heart. After those disappeared, there has been now not a lot wish left within the non secular realm. Tuval additionally analyzes Antiquities of the Jews , which was once written fifteen years later. the following the spiritual photograph has been remodeled enormously. The Temple has been marginalized or changed through the legislations that's common and ideal for all humanity. The ebook is positive concerning the way forward for Judaism, and doesn't trace that the absence of the Temple hinders human-divine conversation. mockingly, in later years Josephus endured to stress his priestly identification. the reason provided for this anomaly is a fancy one. the writer additionally argues that Josephus persevered to determine the monks because the common leaders of post-destruction Judaism.

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Fashioning Jewish Identity in Medieval Western Christendom by Robert Chazan

By Robert Chazan

through the process the 12th century, expanding numbers of Jews migrated into dynamically constructing western Christendom from Islamic lands. The energy that attracted them additionally awarded a problem: Christianity - from early in its background - had proclaimed itself inheritor to a failed Jewish group and therefore the energy of western Christendom used to be either attractive and dangerous to the Jewish immigrants. certainly, western Christendom was once getting into a section of excessive missionising job, a few of which used to be directed on the long term Jewish citizens of Europe and the Jewish beginners. This 2003 learn examines the concepts of persuasion followed by means of the Jewish polemicists that allows you to reassure their Jewish readers of the reality of Judaism and the mistake of Christianity. on the very inner most point, those Jewish authors sketched out for his or her fellow Jews a comparative portrait of Christian and Jewish societies - the previous strong yet irrational and morally debased, the latter the susceptible yet moderate and morally increased - urging that the most obvious and good selection was once Judaism.

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Israel ist an allem schuld: Warum der Judenstaat so gehasst by Georg M. Hafner,Esther Schapira

By Georg M. Hafner,Esther Schapira

Sommer 2014: In Deutschland wird wieder einmal gegen Israel demonstriert, Anlass ist der Krieg im Gaza. Juden werden in Deutschland tätlich angegriffen und im net bedroht. Hassparolen wie "Kindermörder Israel" sind an der Tagesordnung. Kein Land der Welt polarisiert so sehr wie der 1948 gegründete Staat. Warum?

Die preisgekrönten Journalisten Georg M. Hafner und Esther Schapira legen mit ihrer Streitschrift den Finger in die Wunde. Viele Deutsche haben mit Israel ein challenge, weil es ein Judenstaat ist. Aber es gibt kein Tabu, Israel zu kritisieren, wie gern behauptet wird. Das wirkliche Tabu ist es, sich zu Israel zu bekennen. Denn ob Linke, Rechte oder die Mitte der Gesellschaft - in einem sind sich alle einig: Israel ist an allem schuld.

Die Autoren entlarven die unheilvolle Allianz aus deutscher Schuldabwehr, Antisemitismus und religiösem Judenhass von Christen und Muslimen. Eine entlarvende und provozierende Streitschrift.

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Studies in Contemporary Jewry: Volume XV: People of the by Ezra Mendelsohn

By Ezra Mendelsohn

The Jews were an city humans par excellence, and their impact at the city panorama is unmistakable. Who can think smooth Vienna, Berlin, Warsaw, or ny, to call quite a few examples, with no their huge, bright, and artistic Jewish populations? Conversely, the city adventure has been a decisive think about smooth Jewish history.

This new quantity within the acclaimed Studies in modern Jewry sequence is dedicated to the subject of Jews and the trendy urban. It positive factors essays on Orthodox Jewry within the urban, Jewish-Christian family, klezmer song, the influence of urbanization on German Jewry, the Jewish groups in manhattan and St. Petersburg, and the emergence of the 1st "Hebrew urban" (Tel-Aviv). it's also a dialogue of the recent prayer ebook of the Conservative circulation in Israel.

Like others within the sequence, this ebook offers present scholarship within the kind of a symposium, essays, and e-book reports via individual specialists in Jewish stories from world wide. released every year through the Avraham Harman Institute of latest Jewry on the Hebrew college of Jerusalem, Studies in modern Jewry remains to be a useful source for students of recent heritage and culture.

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