By David Benatar,Michael Benatar,Leslie Cannold,Dena Davis,Merle Spriggs,Julian Savulescu,Heather Draper,Neil Evans,Richard Hull,Stephen Wilkinson,David Wasserman,Donna Dickenson,Guy Widdershoven,Françoise Baylis,Stephen Coleman,Rosemarie Tong,Hilde Lindeman
surgical procedure unavoidably inflicts a few damage at the physique. a minimum of, it damages the tissue that's lower. those harms frequently are sincerely outweighed via the general advantages to the sufferer. notwithstanding, the place the advantages don't outweigh the harms or the place they don't in actual fact achieve this, surgical interventions turn into morally contested. slicing to the middle examines a couple of such surgical procedures, together with boy or girl male circumcision and slicing the genitals of woman youngsters, the separation of conjoined twins, surgical intercourse task of intersex youngsters and the surgical re-assignment of transsexuals, limb and face transplantation, plastic surgery, and placebo surgical procedure. while, if ever, do the advantages of those surgical procedures outweigh their expenditures? might a medical professional practice risky strategies that aren't truly to the patient's profit, whether the sufferer agrees to them? may well a health care professional practice any surgical procedure on a minor sufferer if there aren't any transparent advantages to that kid? those and different comparable questions are the center issues of this choice of essays.