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Atomic Physics: Personal Study Notes (Atomic, Molecular, And by Mohamed F. El-Hewie

By Mohamed F. El-Hewie

This revised version encompasses 8 chapters from my own research notes which covers all classes and notes in my examine of Nuclear Engineering, from highschool all through my post-doctorate associateship.

Great emphasis is additional at the theories of relativity the place the writer posed many severe questions in regards to the optical definition of relative simultaneity which Einstein used to equate topic with strength throughout the relation E = mc².

TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER 1: electrical DISCHARGE via GASES

Electric Discharge below basic gasoline pressure
Ionization
Disruptive discharge
Sparking power and strain of gas
Paschen's law
Nature of discharge: Brush, spark and corona discharges
Mobility of ions
Decay of the ions—Recombination

Electric Discharge lower than Low fuel Pressure
Behavior of emission of radiation in discharge tube
Discoveries of the cathode tube
Cathode rays
Positive rays
X-rays
Geissler tube
Sodium vapor lamp
Mercury vapor lamp
Fluorescent lamps

CHAPTER 2: THE ELECTRON

. cost TO MASS RATIO (e/m)
Thomson’ s Method
CHARGE OF THE ELECTRON
Methods utilizing the Cloud Chamber
Wilson Cloud Chamber
Thomson’s cloud chamber experiment
H.A. Wilson’s experiment
Millikan’s oil drop method
MASS OF THE ELECTRON
RADIUS OF THE ELECTRON

CHAPTER three: THE ELECTRON concept

ELECTRICAL CONDUCTION IN METALS
THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY
THERMOELECTRIC results
Seebeck effect
Peltier effect
Thomson effect
MAGNETIC homes of fabrics
Methods of measuring magnetic susceptibility
Faraday method
Curie magnetic balance
Gouy method
Rowland method
Diamagnetism
Paramagnetism
Ferromagnetisms
Variation of magnetization with field
Magnetic homes of alloys
Heusler alloys
Magneto-striction
Magneto-thermal effects

THEORETICAL INVESTIGATIONS
Langevin's idea of diamagnetism
Langevin's conception of paramagnetism
Weiss molecular box idea of paramagnetism
Weiss conception of ferromagnetism
ZEEMAN influence
CRITICISM OF THE ELECTRON thought
MAJOR functions OF ELECTRON EMISSION
THERMIONIC EMISSION
The Schottky effect
Cold emission
The shot effect
PHOTOELECTRIC EMISSION
PRACTICAL home equipment OF ELECTRON BEAMS
THERMIONIC VALVES

CHAPTER four: optimistic RAYS

POSITIVE RAYS
Sources of optimistic rays
THOMSON'S PARABOLA approach to confident RAY research
ASTON'S MASS SPECTROGRAPH
DEMPSTER'S MASS SPECTROGPAPH
BAINBRIDGE'S MASS SPECTROGRAPH
NIER'S MASS SPECTROGRAPH
BAINBRIDGE AND JORDAN DOUBLE-FOCUSSING MASS SPECTROGRAPH
THE ISOTOPIC structure OF parts

CHAPTER five: X-Rays

X-Rays
PRODUCTION AND DETECTION OF X-RAYS
The betatron
The ionizing strength of X-rays
WAVE NATURE OF X-RAYS
EXPERIMENT OF LAUE, FRIEDRICH AND KNIPPING
EXPERIMENTAL equipment OF MEASURING μ FOR X-RAYS
CRYSTAL X-RAY SPECTROMETER
RULED GRATING X-RAY SPECTROGRAPH
ELECTROMAGNETIC thought OF X-RAYS
THE constitution OF CRYSTALS

CHAPTER 6: RADIOACTIVITY

RADIOACTIVITY
DISCOVERY OF RADIOACTIVITY
INITIAL RESEARCHES ON RADIOACTIVITY
FUNDAMENTAL legislation OF RADIOACTIVITY
MEASUREMENT OF THE CONSTANTS OF RADIOACTIVE DISINTEGRATION
RADIOACTIVE TIME SCALES
ALPHA RAYS
BETA-RAYS
BECQUEREL'S EXPERIMENT
KAUFMANN'S test
BUCHERER'S test
EXPERIMENT OF GUYE AND LAVANCHY
GAMMA-RAYS
WAVELENGTHS OF THE γ-RAYS
USES OF RADIOACTIVITY

CHAPTER 7: the speculation OF RELATIVITY

THE concept OF RELATIVITY
ORIGIN OF the speculation OF RELATIVITY
MICHELSON-MORLEY scan
TROUTON-NOBLE EXPERIMENT
EINSTEIN'S innovative IDEA
EINSTEIN'S thought OF RELATIVITY
SPECIAL concept OF RELATIVITY
IMPORTANT CONCLUSIONS OF THE unique thought OF RELATIVITY
GENERAL conception OF RELATIVITY

CHAPTER eight: THE QUANTUM idea OF RADIATION

THE QUANTUM thought OF RADIATION
CLASSICAL THEORIES OF LIGHT
The classical electromagnetic wave theory
QUANTUM conception OF RADIATION mild QUANTA OR PHOTONS
The photoelectric effect
MILLIKAN'S EXPERIMENT
EXPERIMENT OF MAURICE DE BROGLIE
The Compton effect
CRITICISM OF THE QUANTUM concept OF RADIATION

BIBLIOGRAPHY

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